Tretinoin Cream

Tretinoin cream for the topical treatment of acne and acne. Proven efficiency. One of the structural analogs of vitamin A, also known as trans-retinoic acid. Indications and dosage. How to apply Tretinoin cream.

Differin (Adapalene) Gel

Differin has a comedolytic, anti-inflammatory action. Differin gel is one of the best products in the line of drugs for acne. effective, proven remedy for treating acne. Dosage and side effects.

Betamethasone Cream (Betnovate)

Betamethasone is a glucocorticosteroid for external use. It has anti-inflammatory antipruritic anti-allergic effect. Instructions for use Betamethasone cream. How to apply the cream, special instructions.

Aldara (Imiquimod) Cream

Aldara cream is used to treat human papillomavirus infection. Cream for external use. Precautions while using Aldara cream. Mechanism of action and effectiveness of Aldara.

How to Stay Healthy While on Antibiotics

Sometimes antibiotics are the only line of defense you have against bacterial infection. They work by either killing the infection-causing bacteria or preventing them from reproducing, depending on the antibiotic’s class. Medical professionals will often recommend incorporating a probiotic diet, supplements, or both in your antibiotic regimen. Let’s see why.


All trematode species that are parasitic for humans are digenetic. Sexual reproduction in the adult fluke is followed by asexual multiplication in the larval stage.


Human infections caused by cestodes, or tapeworms, may occur within the lumen of the bowel, where adult cestodes attach themselves to the host intestine (Box 1). Alternatively, human infection may be the result of dissemination of cestodes from the bowel to involve extraintestinal sites, often by larval forms of the parasite. The life cycle of cestodes is determined by definitive hosts, in whom the mature adult worm lives, and intermediate hosts, which harbor the larval forms of the parasite. Humans are a definitive host for six cestodes: Diphyllobothrium latum, Taenia solium, Taenia saginata, Hymenolepis diminuta, Hymenolepis nana, and Dipylidium caninum.

Echinococcal Infection

The normal life cycle of Echinococcus species does not involve humans. Human disease occurs when humans become an accidental intermediate host for the parasite, and tissue invasion is followed by the formation of cysts (hydatid cysts).

Dipylidium Caninum Infection

D caninum is distributed worldwide and is associated with wild and domesticated cats and dogs. The life cycle is similar to that of H diminuta, with an obligatory arthropod intermediate host. The adult worm lives in dogs, cats, or humans, and gravid proglottids are released from the adult worm either singly or in short chains.

Taenia Saginata Infection

T saginata infection is commonly associated with the ingestion of undercooked beef. This is distinguished from infection with T solium because human infection with the larval form (as in cysticercosis) is extremely rare with T saginata infection.